Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966
The majority (98%) of projects submitted for review by HPD are for compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (pdf), as amended (36 CFR Part 800). Section 106 requires federal agencies (and their applicants) to take into account the effects of their undertakings on historic properties (both structural and archaeological). The Section 106 review process must be completed prior to approval of the expenditure of federal funds for the project, or prior to the issuance of any federal license or permit. As part of this process, federal agencies, or their applicants, are required to consult with the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO), which in Georgia is the Historic Preservation Division (HPD) of the Department of Natural Resources.