From its county population in 2000 of 21172 to its current population estimate of 31176, the county has experienced a growth change of 10004.
Lumpkin County was established by the state legislature in 1832 and named after Georgia governor Wilson Lumpkin, who also served as a U.S. congressman and senator. Lumpkin County and its seat, Dahlonega, are famous as the site of the country's first major gold rush, which began in 1828.
Gold ore was plentiful enough in the northeast Georgia mountains for construction of a branch of the U.S. Mint, which operated from 1838 to 1861. The mint burned in 1878, and a new building was constructed on its foundations, which today houses the administrative offices of North Georgia College and State University.
When gold was discovered in the area around 1828, Dahlonega became the site of America's first major gold rush. Diggers extracted approximately $33 million in gold before abandoning the mines. A U.S. mint operated in Dahlonega from 1836 until 1861.