County Snapshots Home

:: Baldwin County ::

Community Profile

County Formed June 27, 1806
County Seat Milledgeville
Incorporated Cities Milledgeville
Total Area 267.406311 square miles


From its county population in 2000 of 44748 to its current population estimate of 45909, the county has experienced a growth change of 1161.

Created out of the land lottery of 1803, Baldwin County is named for Abraham Baldwin, an early and influential U.S. senator from Georgia.

Almost immediately after the county's formation, Georgia's legislators chose it as the location of a new capital city to be known as Milledgeville, named after Georgia governor John Milledge.

Because of its central location within the state and its abundant supply of water, Milledgeville grew rapidly into a bustling frontier settlement. 

Points of Interest

The Old Governor's Mansion is located in Milledgeville, the state's capital from 1807 to 1868. Construction on the mansion began in 1836 and was completed in 1838 or 1839. It is considered one of the finest examples of Greek revival style in the nation.

Lockerly Arboretum is a private, nonprofit horticultural laboratory and educational facility designed to enhance the cultural and aesthetic life of Baldwin County. Comprised of approximately fifty acres, it is located just above the fall line, outside the city limits of Milledgeville.

In December 1804 Milledgeville was declared by the legislature to be the new capital of Georgia. The pointed arched windows and battlements marked Milledgeville's capitol building as America's first public building in the Gothic revival style.

Notable Citizens

Notable Georgians from Baldwin County include the Honorable Carl Vinson, who served Georgia as a U.S. Congressman for 50 years; writer Flannery O'Connor; and comedian Oliver Hardy. Georgia College's Ina Dillard Russell Library is home of the Flannery O'Connor Collection and includes manuscripts by O'Connor and her personal collection of more than 700 books and journals.

Higher Education

Georgia College and State University, Central Georgia Technical College, and Georgia Military College.

Chamber of Commerce
Additional County Info
Click here to view a larger map image.

State of Georgia

Governor's Mansion, Milledgeville

Georgia Military College, Milledgeville

Return to top of page