From its county population in 2000 of 7609 to its current population estimate of 8223, the county has experienced a growth change of 614.
Atkinson County is named for William Y. Atkinson, Georgia's governor in the late 1890s, the county was created in 1917 from parts of Clinch and Coffee counties.
Early industry in Atkinson County depended on the pine forests covering much of the land. Logging operations used the Satilla River to float timber to the coast. Later, farming (tobacco, corn, and poultry) displaced logging as the central economic activity.
Pearson, was named to honor Benjah Pearson who served in the Indian War of 1838.